Tajvid (Arabic تجويد)-is the rule of orthoepic reading of the Quran and the corresponding Quranic discipline('ilm at-tajvid), through which the correct reading of the Quran is achieved, which excludes distortions of semantic meaning.
Introduction to the course "Tadjweed for beginners"
In this section you will find all necessary information about the course "Tajweed for beginners". Here, we will talk about the course content, objectives, expected results and ways to achieve them. Additionally, we will think about the importance of Quran in our lives and about the role of tajweed science in the learning and understanding of the Quran. In conclusion, I will touch on the subject of right intention, as well as define the three fundamental factors of success .
Acquaintance with the Arabic alphabet
In this section you will get acquainted with the pronunciation, the writing and some characteristics of the letters of the Arabic alpabet. After studying the presented trining material, we recommend that you pass a master-test to determine your level of knowledge of the Arabic alphabet.
Acquaintance with vowels: FATKHA
In order to learn to read in Arabic, it is not enough only to know the letters of the Arabic language. The letters in Arabic text appear with vocalizations. There are 3 vocalizations in the Arabic language. They represent short vowels. In these lessons you will get acquainted with one of these vocalizations- "Fatkha".
Spelling of the arabic letters in the beginning, in the middle and in the end of a word
In this section you will learn how to write letters in different positions in a word. You will start reading and writing first Arabic words. A plenty of practical tasks and tests will help you to consolidate your knowledge.
Reading words and sentences with the vowel fatkha
In this section you start to read! Now your knowledge is enough to gradually read, moving from easy to more complex. First, we will learn to pronounce simple words with fatkha, then move to short phrases, and finish this section with longer sentences.
Acquaintance with vowels: KYASRA
In the lessons of this section you will get acquainted with the second vocalization of the Arabic language -kyasra. You will learn pronunciation of all the letters of the alphabet with this vowel, and also you will learn the most common mistakes in pronunciation.
Reading words and sentences with vowels fatkha and kyasra
In this section you will learn to read words and sentences with two vowels: fatkha and kyasra.
Acquaintance with vowels: DAMMA
In this section you will get acquainted with the third vocalization of the Arabic language, called "damma"
Reading words and sentences with vowels fatkha, kyasra, damma
With the help of Allah you have already learned all vowels of Arabic language. Now you can boldly read any words, sentences and even excerpts from ayahs of Quran with vowels!
Mudd (lentghening) with the letter Alif
This section is devoted to the topic "Mudd", I. e elongation. You have already learned to read any words and sentences with three vowels. Now it is time to add one more important component of beautiful reading-that is mudda. Mudd is a lengthening of a vowel sound into two vocalizations. There are three letters of mudd. Let's start learning the first letter of mudd-Alif.
Mudd (lengthening) with the letter ي
In the previous sections, you have studied the concept of a mudd with the letter Alif. The theme of this section is the mudd with the letter ي.
Mudd (lengthening) with the letter و. Mudd with the lengthening of more than two vowels.
In the previous sections we have already learned the notion of extension with the letters ا and ي. In the lessons of this section you will learn about one more letter of madd-و, and also you will get acquainted with some varieties of madd with the longitude of two vowels.
Letters with sukun
Sukun is some kind of opposite to vowels. It denotes the absence of a vowel sound. Each letter in the state of sukun has its own characteristics, so it is very important to learn to pronounce them correctly.
Shadda. Letters with shadda.
Shadda (شدّة) indicates doubling.
The letter, which has shadda consists of two letters, the first of which is with sukoon and the second with vowel. Shadda facilitates the pronunciation of twin letters, consecutively situated at the same word.
In this section:
- you will learn all about letters with Shadda and pronounce in a right way.
- get to know the rule regarding two letters ن and م with Shadda.
- learn another important term of tajweed - ghunna (غنّة), as well as learn how it is correctly pronounced.
Types of Hamza. Connecting and separating Hamza.
Hamza has two kinds: dividing and connecting.
Dividing Hamza (arabic. همزة قطع) is written and always pronounced as in the word يَأۡكُلُونَ or قَدۡ يَئِسُواْ.
The connecting Hamza (arabic. همزة وصل) facilitates the pronunciation of the words, where the first letter has sukoon. An icon indicating the dividing Hamza looks like this: ٱ
In this section, you will study in detail the rules regarding to the connecting Hamza, and learn how to apply them in practice:
- connecting Hamza with merged reading;
- merged reading of two words, where the first one ends with the Madd letter and the second one begins with connecting Hamza;
- starting with connecting Hamza in the definite article;
- starting with connecting Hamza, in other words;
The letter ل in the definite article
In this section you will learn the types of letters ل in a definite article.
In a definite article, the letter ل has two types: lunar and solar.
Lunar letter ل (arabic.لَام قَمَرية ) is written and pronounced, and the next letter is not doubled, as in ٱلۡبُيُوتَ
Solar ل is written but not pronounced, and the next letter is doubled , as in ٱلتَّكَاثُرُ
In addition, you will learn about pronunciation and how to write the words of Allah (ٱللَّهُ ), as well as the hardness and softness of the letter ل in this word.
To denote the uncertainty of the names of nouns and adjectives in Arabic, there is such a notion as "tunwin". There are three types of tunwin: tunwin dumm, tunwin kyasr and tunwin futkh. The definite article and tunwin are incompatible in one word.
Pause while reading the Quran
This section focuses on how to stop while reading the Quran.
Without knowledge of rules of stopping, you will not be able to read the Quran correctly. Till now, you read all the words, phrases and verses like you are going to continue reading on. It was like this in order not to complicate you in the first stages of learning. Now, when you already know all the important topics, both in theory and in practice, you are ready to study stopping rules.
In reading the Quran there are special rules, respectively, which change the endings of words when you stop on them. Stopping in the Quran can occur at the end of the verse, and in the middle. No matter where you stop, you must clearly know and apply the stopping rules .
On this section we wil talk of one more type of extension. This is thr obligatory extension(ar. مد لا ز م "mudd lyazim"). Yoi will learn: the definition of obligatory mudd and its characteristics; its longitude; *on practical examples you will learn how to correctly pronounce words in which there is an obligatory mudd.
Reading and memorizing short surahs of the Quran
Now you are ready to start reading directly from mooskhaf. In this section you will learn the correct pronunciation of isti'aza and basmalla, you will memorize seven short surahs from the Quran, and also you will learn how to navigate in mooskhaf.
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